WARNING SIGNS OF A HEART
ATTACK IN MEN AND IN WOMEN. THEY'RE DIFFERENT.
FEMALE HEART ATTACK SYMPTOMS: Female heart attack symptoms can look very different than those of men. In fact, according to a study of women's early heart attack signs published in Circulation, women have more unrecognized heart attacks than men and are more likely to be, "mistakenly diagnosed and discharged from emergency departments." http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/features/her-guide-to-a-heart-attack
HEART ATTACK SYMPTOMS IN MEN: Heart disease is the leading cause of death for men in the U.S, according to the CDC. The latest available American Heart Association figures reveal that in 2003, heart disease killed about 427,000 men Getting help fast can mean the difference between life and death.
EMERGENCY CPR WITH TIMING MUSIC
IMMEDIATELY Yell for someone to call 911.
NEXT: Check for response, tap, call to victim, check airway for breathing obstruction. Place your ear close to the victim's mouth and watch for chest movement.
Count to five while you, look, listen, and feel for breathing.
(***More Detailed First Aid instructions for CPR and HEIMLICH MANEUVER for choking are further down the page).
IF THERE IS **NO HEARTBEAT** and THE VICTIM IS NOT BREATHING : If you are alone do 5 cycles of CPR FIRST.... THEN dial 911 yourself. QUICKLY RESUME CPR.
A R N I N G - Do **NOT**
GIVE CHEST COMPRESSIONS IF THERE IS A HEARTBEAT,
doing so may cause the heart to stop beating.
EMERGENCY CPR: Open victim's shirt, place heel of left hand center chest between nipples, cover left hand with right hand, lock your elbows.
HIT THE STAYIN' ALIVE TIMING MUSIC AND DO THE FOLLOWING:
ADULT: Do THIRTY (30) compressions - then do TWO (2) breaths. Use the beat from STAYIN' ALIVE as a timing guide for the chest compressions.
BREATHE: Tilt head back, lift chin up to open airway. Pinch victim's nose closed, take a normal breath, cover victim's mouth with yours and blow out your breath until you see victim's chest rise. Give a second breath. Take about 1 second per breath. If chest doesn't rise, open airway again.
MORE DETAILED FIRST AID STEPS FOR CPR & HEIMLICH MANEUVER FOR CHOKING
This page contains fast First Aid info for ADULTS, CHILDREN & INFANTS
Covered here is the Heimlich Maneuver for choking and CPR for cardiac resuscitation
READ IT ALL THE WAY THROUGH NOW SO YOU'LL KNOW WHAT TO DO
IN THE EVENT OF AN EMERGENCY. BOOKMARK THE PAGE.
HEIMLICH MANEUVER FOR A CONSCIOUS SITTING OR STANDING
Without oxygen the brain can begin to die within 4 to 6 minutes.
Rapid first aid for choking can save a life.
The Heimlich Maneuver is the best known method of removing an object from the airway of a person who is choking. You can use it on yourself or someone else.
If you choke on something and your airway becomes blocked, you will not be able to speak. Signal people that are nearby that you are choking: do this right away, before you pass out. Use the "Universal Sign for Choking".
If the airway is almost completely blocked, there may be high-pitched noises when the person inhales, great difficulty breathing, and a very weak, ineffective cough.
If the person cannot speak, cough, or breath, then the person may have a completely blocked airway. Emergency care for a person with a completely blocked airway, or a person with an airway almost completely blocked is the same.
If YOU are alone and YOU are choking, you can do the Heimlich maneuver on yourself.
Position your fist slightly above your navel and give yourself quick, inward and upward thrusts, or lean forward and press your abdomen quickly over any firm object, such as the back of a chair or a porch railing.
If you think another person is choking because of an almost or completely blocked airway, CALL FOR HELP, and immediately prepare to do abdominal thrusts (the Heimlich Maneuver).
Tell the victim what you are going to do, then
Stand behind the victim with the front of your body pressed against the victim's back.
These are the steps:
1.Wrap your arms around his or her waist. Bend the person slightly forward.
Grasp the choking victim from behind. Place your fist, thumb side in, just below the victim's breast bone and above the belly button, and with the other hand placed firmly over the fist.
Then pull your fist firmly and abruptly into the top of the stomach in order to force the object up the windpipe.
You should try not to squeeze the ribs with your forearms. Each thrust should be distinct and delivered as if it will be the only thrust needed to free the obstruction. Repeat the thrusts as described above until the obstructions comes free or the victim becomes unconscious.
Abdominal thrust (Heimlich Maneuver)
with victim standing
Following the expulsion of the object that caused the choking, keep the victim still and get medical help. All choking victims should have a medical examination, since complications can arise not only from the incident but also from the first aid measures that were taken. Occasionally an object will enter the lung instead of being expelled. While the victim may appear to improve and breathe normally, in a few days signs and symptoms of a foreign body in the lung will appear such as, wheezing, persistent cough, and pneumonia. If this happens, get medical help immediately.
DO NOT begin the chest compressions of CPR (if heartbeat has stopped) until the airway is cleared.
UNCONSCIOUS ADULT VICTIM:
Call immediately for emergency medical assistance if: a person is found unconscious.
If you are not alone, have one person call the local emergency number while another person begins CPR.
If you are alone, shout for help.
If you are trained in CPR, call the local emergency number and then administer CPR.
1. Roll the victim onto his back on a hard surface, keeping his back in a straight line, firmly supporting his head and neck. Expose the victim's chest.
|Check for a pulse
2. Open the victim's mouth with your thumb and index finger, placing your thumb over his tongue and your index finger under his chin.
DO NOT try to grasp an object that is lodged in the victim's throat, because
If the object is visible and loose, CAREFULLY remove it.
CHECK FOR BREATHING
4. Place your ear close to the victim's mouth and watch for chest movement. Count to five while you, look, listen, and feel for breathing.
5. If the victim is breathing but remains unconscious, give first aid for unconsciousness. (Put a pillow or wadded up coat or whatever is handy under the victims FEET to elevate the feet about 12 inches.)
6. If the victim is not breathing, begin rescue breathing.
8. If the victim's chest still doesn't rise, and it appears there is still a breathing obstruction, begin abdominal thrusts, as follows.
Kneel at the victim's feet or astride the thighs (or to the side if the victim is obese or pregnant).
Place the heel of your hand in the middle of the abdomen just above the navel, well below the tip of their breastbone. (If the victim is obese or pregnant, place the heel of your hand in the middle of the victim's breastbone.
Do not place your hand on the ribs or on the tip of the breastbone.) Place your other hand on top of the first hand.
9. Give 6 to 10 quick thrusts compressing the victim's chest about 2 inches, pressing your hands inward and upward. Do not press to either side.
10. Again, open the victim's mouth with your thumb and index finger. If the object is visible and loose, remove it. Observe the victim's breathing.
If the victim's chest does rise, place 2 fingers on the victim's Adam's apple. Slide your fingers into the groove between the Adam's apple and the muscle on the side of their neck to feel for a pulse for 5 to 10 seconds.
If the victim has a pulse, give 1 breath every 5 seconds. Check the pulse after every 12 breaths.
Be sure the local emergency number has been called. Have someone else make the call if possible. Continue giving breaths and checking the pulse.
CPR - ON ADULT
DO NOT give chest compressions if there is a heartbeat; doing so may cause the heart to stop beating.
CPR for TRAUMA VICTIM:
DO NOT move the victim's head or neck to check for breathing if a spinal injury is suspected.
Press gently to check the victim's carotid artery pulse for at least five seconds but no more than ten seconds.
11.If the victim has no pulse, begin chest compressions. Maintain the head position and place the heel of your hand 2 finger-widths above the lowest notch of the victim's breastbone (where the lower edge of the ribcage meets in the middle). Place the heel of your other hand directly over the heel of the first hand. Interlock your fingers; don't let them touch the victim's chest. Lock your elbows straight. Lean your shoulders over your hands, and firmly press down about 2 inches into the victim's chest. Repeat the compressions 15 times. Give the compressions in a smooth, rhythmic manner, keeping your hands on the victim's chest. Don't rock back and forth - push straight down. Don't pause between
12. Give the victim 2 breaths, followed by 15 chest compressions. Repeat this sequence 4 times. Count aloud as you pump in a regular rhythm. You should pump at a rate of about 80 to 100 times a minute. Count a 1 and 2 and 3 and 4 and...up to 15 and then give another 2 breaths, (breathe, breathe).
13. After the fourth cycle, recheck the carotid pulse in the neck for a heartbeat (5 to 10 seconds).
Exerting pressure downward on an adult.
FIRST AID: CHILD AGE 1 thru 8
CPR is performed for times when the breathing or the heartbeat has stopped, such as for electric shock and drowning. Permanent damage to the brain can occur if oxygen flow is not restored within about 4 minutes. Therefore, it is critical that blood flow and breathing be continued until trained medical help arrives.
1. Check for consciousness. Shake or tap the child gently. See if the child moves or makes a noise. Shout, "Are you OK?"
2. If there is no response, shout for help.
3. Roll the child onto their back on a hard surface, keeping the back in a straight line, firmly supporting the head and neck. Expose the chest.
4. Kneel next to the child with your knees against the child's side. Lift the child's chin while tilting the head back to move the tongue away from the windpipe. If a spinal injury is suspected, pull the jaw forward without moving the head or neck. Don't let the mouth close.
5. Place your ear close to the child's mouth and watch for chest movement. For 5 seconds, look, listen, and feel for breathing.
6. If the child is not breathing, begin rescue breathing. Maintain the head position, close the child's nostrils by pinching them with your thumb and index finger, and cover the child's mouth tightly with your mouth. Give 2 slow, full breaths, with a pause in between.
7. If the chest does not rise, reposition the head and give 2 more breaths. If the chest still doesn't rise, the child's airway is blocked. Follow above instructions for choking (for unconscious adult or child over 1 year).
8. If the child's chest does rise, place 2 fingers on the child's Adam's apple. Slide your fingers into the groove between the Adam's apple and the muscle on the side of their neck to feel for a pulse for 5 to 10 seconds.
9. If the child has a pulse, give 1 breath every 4 seconds. Check the pulse after every 15 breaths.
10. Call the local emergency number or have someone else make the call if possible. Begin giving breaths and checking the pulse.
11. If the child has no pulse, begin chest compressions. Maintain the head position and place the heel of your hand 2 finger-widths above the lowest notch of the child's breastbone. Lean your shoulder over your hand, and quickly press about 1 inch into the child's chest 5 times. Give the compressions in a smooth, rhythmic manner, keeping your hand on the child's chest. Don't rock back and forth - push straight down. Don't pause between compressions.
12. Give the child 1 breath, followed by 5 chest compressions. Repeat this sequence 10 times. Count aloud as you pump in a fairly rapid rhythm. You should pump about 80 to 100 times a minute (Count 1 and 2 and 3...).
13. Recheck the child's pulse for 5 to 10 seconds.
14. Repeat steps 12 and 13 until the child's pulse resumes or help arrives. If the pulse resumes, go to step 9
YOU HAVE MERE MINUTES TO TAKE ACTION. SHOUT FOR HELP IF PEOPLE ARE NEARBY!! IF NOT, DIAL 911 say INFANT NOT BREATHING, give them the address and GET BACK TO THE CHILD. IF THE PHONE CAN REACH THE CHILD, KEEP IT WITH YOU. THE 911 OPERATOR CAN HELP GUIDE YOU THROUGH CPR.
1. Quickly look, listen and feel for breathing and pulse. If breathing or pulse is absent, open the airway.
2. Tilt the baby's head back and give one firm but gentle puff of breath through the mouth and nose. Check the pulse and breathing. if there is no pulse or breathing, start CPR.
3. Start chest compression. Use 2 fingers over the breastbone. Give 5 (gentle!) chest compressions, then one puff of breath. Repeat.
This page is a very fast, very general look at what to do in the event of an emergency.There's no substitute for a formal CPR or First Aid course. Call your local hospital or fire department and ask where the next CPR course is going to be given in your neighborhood. Knowing what to do could save a life. Got kids in the Scouts? Make sure this is one of the things they're taught. Learn it together.